Education Law

Education law in Pennsylvania offers protection for the rights of students, teachers, and educational institutions. Whether your case pertains to special education provisions or basic student rights, it is important to have a school law attorney on your side. Purdy Law Office, LLC provides valuable representation to your family in this area of law.

Education Law in Pennsylvania

Education law in Pennsylvania is the area of law that deals with the rights and responsibilities of students, parents, educators, and educational institutions in the state. Education law covers school funding, curriculum, standards, assessment, special education, discipline, civil rights, and more.

The main sources of education law in Pennsylvania are the Pennsylvania Constitution, the Pennsylvania Public School Code, the Pennsylvania Code of Regulations, and the federal laws and regulations that apply to education. In Pennsylvania, the Bureau of Special Education oversees the implementation of special education services, ensuring every child receives the support they need.

An education law attorney in Pennsylvania is a lawyer who represents clients in education-related matters. An education law attorney may assist clients with issues such as special education rights, school enrollment, admission, transfer, expulsion, suspension, truancy, bullying, harassment, discrimination, Pennsylvania special education services, individualized education plans (IEPs), due process hearings, mediation, litigation, and more.

Purdy Law Office, LLC, provides a wide range of legal services for our clients throughout Central Pennsylvania, including education law. Our firm can help with education law issues such as school choice, charter schools, cyber charter schools, homeschooling, private schools, parochial schools, special education rights and advocacy, gifted education rights and advocacy, student discipline and expulsion hearings, student records and privacy rights, and more. Our team also ensures special education compliance, making certain that schools adhere to both state and federal mandates.

Areas of Practice

Education law spans multiple areas, each with its own considerations.

School Law

School law forms the backbone of day-to-day operations within our education system, ensuring the smooth functioning of educational institutions while protecting the rights of both educators and students. This sector addresses:

  • Discipline: Schools need to maintain a conducive environment for learning, and that often requires the implementation of discipline. However, it’s essential that disciplinary actions, whether they pertain to students or staff, are given out justly, keeping in line with established guidelines and ensuring no party’s rights are infringed upon.

Special Education Law

Every child deserves quality education tailored to their needs. Special education law ensures that children with disabilities aren’t left behind:

  • IDEA Compliance: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) mandates that children with disabilities receive Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) in the least restrictive environment. This often entails creating Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) to cater to each child’s unique needs.
  • 504 Plans: Not every child with a disability requires specialized instruction. Some might benefit from accommodations in the regular classroom. 504 plans, governed by the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, ensure such provisions are made.
  • Rights and Advocacy: Parents and guardians have a right to be involved in the formulation of their child’s IEP or 504 plan. Special education law also lays out procedures for dispute resolution if parents believe their child’s needs aren’t being met.

Higher Education Law

As students progress to colleges and universities, the legal landscape shifts to address the unique challenges and rights at this level:

  • Admissions Disputes: These might arise from allegations of discrimination, unfair admissions processes, or discrepancies in admission requirements.
  • Faculty Concerns: Higher education law also addresses faculty rights and concerns, from tenure disputes, academic freedom, and research rights to matters of discrimination or harassment.
  • Administrative Decisions: Universities, given their larger size and more complex operations, face a multitude of administrative challenges. This can range from funding allocations, research grant disputes, campus safety, and student housing issues to the framing of academic programs.

For issues such as student rights, potential discrimination, or due process concerns, the guidance of an experienced education law attorney is necessary. An attorney has an in-depth understanding of the law, ensuring that students’ and educators’ rights are upheld in every situation.

When faced with potential discrimination cases, for instance, an attorney can determine the signs of discrimination that might be overlooked by laypeople, ensuring that justice is given out appropriately.

Similarly, due process concerns in educational settings often require a delicate balance between the rights of the institution and the rights of the individual. Having an attorney guide you through these processes ensures that all actions are carried out in line with legal standards, protecting the interests of all involved.

What to Look for in an Education Law Attorney

Selecting the right attorney, especially for education law cases in Pennsylvania, is the first step in addressing your concerns. Here’s what you need to look for in an education law attorney.


The experience of an attorney can give you a look at their understanding of the law. It isn’t just about the length of time they’ve been practicing but also the range and variety of cases they’ve handled. A wide range of experience equips an attorney to anticipate challenges and strategize efficiently. For instance, handling diverse cases, from teacher contracts to special education provisions, means an attorney has seen several facets of education law and can apply that knowledge to new cases.


The field of education law has its subdivisions, and having specialized knowledge, especially in areas like special education, becomes a significant asset. This means that the attorney doesn’t just have a general understanding but a detailed insight into a particular area, ensuring that clients receive guidance that’s both accurate and tailored to their unique situation.


Client reviews, previous case outcomes, and testimonials serve as a mirror reflecting an attorney’s capabilities and commitment. They offer future clients a glimpse into what they might expect.

Purdy Law Office, LLC in Pennsylvania, has a proven track record, peppered with positive client testimonials and successful case outcomes. When you choose Purdy Law Office, LLC, you’re not just getting special education lawyers; you’re gaining allies, well-equipped and dedicated, to guide you through your legal journey.


Below, we have answered some frequently asked questions about education law:

What is the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)?

IDEA is a federal statute ensuring children with disabilities receive a free, appropriate public education tailored to their unique needs.

What is an IEP?

An Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is a document outlining the special education services a child with disabilities will receive. Special education evaluations play a pivotal role in formulating an effective IEP tailored to each child’s needs.

What is Title IX?

Title IX is a federal law prohibiting discrimination based on gender in educational programs or activities that receive federal financial assistance.

What is a 504 Plan?

A 504 plan provides modifications and accommodations for students with disabilities, ensuring their academic success and access to the learning environment.

What is the Difference Between an IEP and a 504 Plan?

While both offer support for students with disabilities, an IEP offers specially designed education services, whereas a 504 plan provides only accommodations within the regular education environment.

What is Due Process in Education Law?

Due process in education law ensures that a student’s rights are protected. If there’s a disagreement between parents and the school regarding a child’s education, due process offers formal procedures for resolution.

Consult an Education Law Attorney To Understand All Your Options

Understanding education law can be difficult, making it necessary to speak to attorneys in the field. Purdy Law Offices, LLC’s attorneys bring forth clarity, ensuring you are well-equipped to make informed decisions. From initial consultations to courtroom representations, our education law firm is dedicated to representing you.

For any concerns about special education services in PA or legal guidance about education law litigation, reach out to Purdy Law Offices, LLC – where your rights and best interests are our top priority.


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